Davido Digital Solutions

Connecting to the Internet

Facilities Needed to Connect to the Internet

To use the Internet, you must have access to it. In order to get connected to the Internet and access the World Wide Web, you will require the following facilities:

1). A Computer.

The computer to be used must have the following desirable elements;

(i). A Fast processor,

(ii). RAM 

(iii). Hard disk 

(iv). A high-quality Color Screen to enable you view the various graphics and images.

(v). Free disk space on which to download the information or programs from the Internet.

2). Web Browsers.

Web browsers are application programs that are used to retrieve Web pages from the Internet onto your Personal Computer.

One of the most popular Web browsers is Google Chrome.

Each Web page in the World Wide Web is based on an HTML (HyperText Mark Language) file.

A Web browser decodes the information in an HTML file and displays a Web page on your computer screen according to its instructions. This process is called Downloading.

Downloading is the process of copying files from one computer to another by using a Modem or a network connection. You can also download files from the Web to your hard disk.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language); The language used to create Web pages.

3). Modem (Modulator/Demodulator).

A Modem is a device that enables you to connect to the Internet, and access information.

As a Transmitting modem, it translates computer information (which is in digital form) into analogue form (the form that can transmit over telephone lines). This process is called Modulation.

As a Receiving modem, it translates the information back into digital form (a form that your computer can understand); a process called Demodulation.

The Modem must be fast. This helps to reduce the amount of time spent waiting for Web pages, files, or messages from the Internet.

Modem speeds are expressed in Bits per second (bps). The typical speeds are 9,600 bps, 4.4 Kbps (Kilobits per second), 28.8 Kbps, 56 Kbps, etc.

4). Internet Service Provider (ISP).

When connecting to the Internet using a modem, you need to sign up with an Internet Service Provider (ISP) like Safaricom, Airtel, Telkom, etc.

Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a commercial organization (or a company) that provides Internet connections, along with a set of support services usually for a fee. It maintains a Server that is directly connected to the Internet.

 Internet Service Provider; A company or organization that provides Internet Access, usually for a fee. To connect to your ISP, use a modem.

5). Website.

This is an area in the Internet where information of a particular organization is kept. The Website must be updated on daily basis.

Content Provider; A business that uses the Internet to supply you with information such as news, weather, business reports and entertainment.

David Waithera

David Waithera has a passion of sharing knowledge. He holds Bsc in Computer Science from Kisii University, Kenya.

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